GENERAL FAMILY WORDS
Let’s begin with learning some general words for family and people that come up a lot in everyday conversation.
WORDS FOR YOUR SIDE
Remembering that there are two sides of the kinship system, let’s take a look at some words that you would say when talking about your side of the kinship system nganaṉṯarka.
These are your grandparents and your grandchildren.
WORDS FOR THEIR SIDE
Now let’s have a look at words for tjanamilytjan their-side. These are your parents and your own children.
TALKING ABOUT YOURSELF AND YOUR FAMILY
With these words in mind, lets practise a few simple sentences.
Introducing yourself you might say Ngayulu kungka Yankunytjatjara. ngayulu means I, kungka means woman and Yankunytjatjara is the name of your language.
Talking about your family you might say Ngayulu walytja tjuṯatjara. Ngayulu means I, walytja means family and tjuṯatjara means with many.
Introducing your husband or partner you mights say Ngayuku kuri-ku ini Phil-anya. Ngayuku means mine, kuri-ku means husbands, ini means is and Phil-anya is your partners name.
If you wanted to know who someone is you could as Ngananya palatja? Ngananya means who and paltja means that.
You might answer Palatja ngayuku kuntili Mary-anya. Paltja means that’s, ngayuku means my, kuntili means aunty and Mary-anya is the name of your aunty.
You could also answer Palatja ngayuku waltja. Palatja means that’s, ngayuku means my and walytja means family.
Let’s take a quick moment to go over how to use numbers and count in Yankunytjatjara. Yankunytjatjara has a simplified counting systems that only has words for one, two, three and many.
To count beyond this you can combine words as you would combine numbers in addition to make numbers up to six.
Using the numbers we know of above lets add them together to form new numbers up to six.
Let’s combine the numbers we’ve just learnt with some family terms to make some sentences.
Talking about how many son’s we have, we might say Ngayulu katja mankur. Ngayulu means I, katja means son and mankur means three.
If we were talking about our siblings we might say Ngayulu malany mankur-kutjara. Ngayulu means I, malany means younger sibling and mankur-kutjara means five.
You might even want to say Palatja paluṟu waltja. Palatja means that, paluru means his and waltja means family.
Next up we’ll be having a look at pronouns and working to build up some more complex sentences.