Lesson 8 – Family and People
In this lesson we will learn some words for talking about your lakinyeri (family members). We will also learn words in Tanganekald ruminyeri (Tanganekald language) to talk about people in general.
There are more terms for family members in Tanganekald than in English. In this lesson, we will just scratch the surface of this very complex kinship system.
Here are the terms for parents, grandparents and siblings. Make sure you pay attention to which side of the family you are talking about, for example if the relative is on your mothers side there is another mitji ‘name’ for that relative compared to your father’s side!
Here are the terms for aunts and uncles, nieces and nephews.
Here are some sentences using these family terms.
yari means ‘what’, ngomanyi means ‘your’, maranu means ‘older sister’, mitji means ‘name’, ananyi means ‘my’, minyai means ‘how many’, tarti means ‘younger sibling’, tartar means ‘three or more younger siblings’, ngenta means ‘you’, ngenepal means ‘three’, ngomanyi means ‘your’, matjurunu means ‘father’, yuluki means ‘tall’ and the ending -ru means ‘very’, lakinyeri means ‘family’, katjeri means ‘beautiful’, ngawirri means ‘boy’, kinanyi means ‘his’, ngoponowi means ‘uncle’, luk means ‘similar’ and korrpi means ‘nose’.
Here are some words you can use when talking about people more generally.
Here are some words for referring to groups of people.
the -i ending means ‘one’ so meimini means ‘one woman’, the -u ending means ‘two’ so meiminu means ‘two women’ and the -ar ending means ‘more than two’ so meiminar means ‘more than two women’.
You can add these endings to any of the people words that we’ve learned in this lesson.
Here are some sentences using these people words.
meiminar means ‘women’, the ending -il shows the women are doing the weaving, karatparaki means ‘basket (general term)’, lakun means ‘weaving’, nawi means ‘whose’, porli means ‘child’, orni means ‘that’, ananyi means ‘my’, ngapa means ‘I’, weyatuki means ‘young woman’, yari means ‘what’, yandi-orn means ‘old man’ and mitji means ‘name’.