Lesson 6 – Descriptive Words

Adjectives (descriptive words) are really handy to help develop your sentences in Nukunu.

Let’s begin with learning a few basic adjectives and colour words and then we’ll move onto some endings.


Adjectives

Nukunu
English
kumarti
little
watnyi
little
mukatha
short
milkapa
small
paapa
small, young
marnarta
big
marni-marna
fat, in good condition
waraku
long, tall
kakarti parla-parla
bald
parla-parla
bare, empty
wanypatha
good, well
mingka
bad, sick
murtla
shabby, no good
murta
dirty
nhanyatu
bad
thungka
stinking
thungku-warinya
foul-smelling
yarta-purlpa
dusty, dirty
manya
cold
walta
hot
payala
cold weather, cold

Colours

Let’s also look at some colours.

maṛu
black
kupa
white
parlka
white
milthi
red, red ochre
karku
yellow, yellow ochre

Let’s take a look at some sentences that use some adjectives and also some of the body parts we learned in the last lesson.

 

If someone’s face is dirty you might say Nhungku ngarnta murta. Nhungku means yourngarnta means face and murta means dirty.

Nhungku ngarnta murta.
Your face is dirty.

 

If a boy has black hair you could say Kunga maṛu marra. Kunga means boymaṛu means black and marra means hair.

Kunga maṛu marra.
The boy has black hair.

 

If your father has a a fat belly you could say Ngatyu maama munthu marni-marna. Ngatyu means mymaama means fathermunthu means belly and marni-marna means fat, in good condition.

Ngatyu maama munthu marni-marna.
My father has a fat belly.

 

If your legs are cold you could say Ngatyu ngathi-warlpu manya. Ngatyu means myngathi-warlpu means legs and manya means cold.

Ngatyu ngathi-warlpu manya.
My legs are cold.

 

If a dog has long nails or claws you could say Katli waraku pirrintyi. Katli means dogwaraku means long and pirrintyi means nails or claws.

Katli waraku pirrintyi.
The dog has long claws.

Adjective endings on words

In Nukunu you can also describe things with certain word endings. Let’s touch on a couple of these.

 

If something was missing or lacking you could use the word ending -wakanha.

A good example of this is if something or someone is missing teeth. You could say yiira-wakanhayiira means teeth and the ending -wakanha means without.

yiira-wakanha
toothless, without teeth

 

Another descriptive word ending you can use is -pila. This word ending indicates something is a pair.

A good example of this is miina-pila which translates to a pair of eyes or both eyes. Miina means eye and -pila indicates you are talking about a pair of eyes or both eyes.

miina-pila
a pair of eyes, both eyes
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