Lesson 1 – Daily Conversation

Welcome to the first Nukunu lesson! We will be learning some basic words and sentences to start with.

Here is some vocabulary that you will need for this lesson:

Nukunu
English
tyukarti
yes
wantaku
no
ngayi
I
nganya
me
nhiina
you
wanhanga
where

 

Nhiina wanypatha? Are you well? In this lesson we will learn about greetings and introductions in Nukunu. Nhiina means you and wanypatha means good, well.

Nhiina wanypatha?
Are you well?

 

If you’re doing well you might respond Tyukarti, ngayi wanypatha. Tyukarti means yes/okngayi means I and wanypatha means good, well.

Tyukarti, ngayi wanypatha.
Yes, I'm well.

 

If you’re not doing so well you might say Wantaku, ngayi mingka.Wantaku means no, nothingngayi means I and mingka means bad, sick.

Wantaku, ngayi mingka.
No, I'm sick/bad.

 

If you’re cold you might say Payala! Ngayi mangaranatya. Payala means cold weatherngayi means I and mangaranatya means shivering.

Payala! Ngayi mangaranatya.
It's cold! I'm shivering.

 

If you’re really hot you might say Watla nganya kampatya. Watla means heatnganya means me and kampatya means cooking.

Watla nganya kampatya.
I'm so hot that the heat is cooking me.

 

If you’re hungry, you might want to say Ngayi mayi-wakanha. Ngayi means Imayi means food and wakanha means without.

Ngayi mayi-wakanha.
I'm hungry.

Some questions and answers

To ask someone’s name you might say Nhiina mityi wanhanga? Nhiina means youmityi means name and wanhanga means how.

Nhiina mityi wanhanga?
What is your name?

 

Your answer to this might be Ngayi mityi Anil. Ngayi means Imityi means I and Anil is the speaker’s name.

Ngayi mityi Anil.
My name is Anil.

 

When you meet someone you might ask them where they are going or where they are coming from. You might say Nhiina manhatya wanhanga?

Nhiina means youmanhatya means going and wanhanga means where.

Nhiina manhatya wanhanga?
Where are you going?

 

An answer to this might be Ngayi kawi-wangkarta manhatya. Ngayi means Ikawi-wangkarta means waterhole and manhatya means going.

Ngayi kawi-wangkarta manhatya.
I am going to the waterhole.

 

You might want to say you’re heading to Pt Pirie Ngayi Thalpiri manhatya. Ngayi means I, Thalpiri is the Nukunu name for Pt Pirie and manhatya means going.

Ngayi Thalpiri manhatya.
I am going to Pt Pirie.

 

If you are going home you would say Ngayi wartli manhatya. Ngayi means Iwartli means house/home/camp and manhatya means going.

Ngayi wartli manhatya.
I am going home.

 

As a language learner, it is really useful to be able to ask how to say something. For example, if you want to ask how do you say ‘water’ in Nukunu, you would say wanhanga ‘water’ Nukunu wangkatya Wanhanga means how and wangkatya means talk/say.

Wanhanga ‘water’ Nukunu wangkatya?
How do you say 'water' in Nukunu?

 

The answer to this question is ‘Kawi’ Nukunu wangkatya.Kawi means water and wangkatya means talk/say.

‘Kawi’ Nukunu wangkatya.
You say 'kawi' in Nukunu.

 

If you’re a learner it’s really good to try to speak only Nukunu at home or in your learning space. You might say Warrarla Nukunu wangkaka! Warrarla means language and wangkaka is a command meaning talk/speak.

Warrarla Nukunu wangkaka!
Speak Nukunu language!

 

Someone might ask you what language you’re speaking, to tell them you’re speaking Nukunu you can say Ngayi warrarla Nukunu wangkatya! Ngayi means Iwarrarla means language and wangkatya means talking/speaking.

Ngayi warrarla Nukunu wangkatya.
I'm speaking Nukunu language.


Here are a few of the things we’ve gone over in this lessons:

Nhiina wanypatha?
Are you well?
Tyukarti, ngayi wanypatha.
Yes, I'm well.
Wantaku, ngayi mingka.
No, I'm sick/bad.
Payala! Ngayi mangaranatya.
It's cold! I'm shivering.
Watla nganya kampatya.
I'm so hot that the heat is cooking me.
Ngayi mayi-wakanha.
I'm hungry.
Nhiina mityi wanhanga?
What is your name?
Ngayi mityi Anil.
My name is Anil.
Nhiina manhatya wanhanga?
Where are you going?
Ngayi kawi-wangkarta manhatya.
I am going to the waterhole.
Ngayi Thalpiri manhatya.
I am going to Pt Pirie.
Ngayi wartli manhatya.
I am going home.
Wanhanga ‘water’ Nukunu wangkatya?
How do you say 'water' in Nukunu?
‘Kawi’ Nukunu wangkatya.
You say 'kawi' in Nukunu.
Warrarla Nukunu wangkaka!
Speak Nukunu language!
Ngayi warrarla Nukunu wangkatya.
I'm speaking Nukunu language.
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