Lesson 2 – Practical Words and Sentences

Below are some words and sentences to help get you started speaking Lower Arrernte. Each section starts with a list of basic words for you to learn. Try saying them aloud. Below these, are examples of the words in sentences. Try comparing how the words look in the list to how they look in the sentences. Do some of them change? See if you can pick out as many words as possible in the sentences. All languages have words that change from the basic forms listed in a dictionary, and Lower Arrernte is the same. For now, try to say as much Lower Arrernte aloud as you can.


Greetings

There aren’t very many traditional greetings recorded for Lower Arrernte, but you might like to ask one of the following questions:

Lower Arrernte
English

If you were asking someone if they’re good, you might say Unte alyerre? Unte means you and alyerre means good.

Untye alerre?
You good?

If you were asking someone if they’re ok, you might say Unte kele? Unte means you and kele means ok.

Unte kele?
You ok?

If you were asking someone where they are going, you might say thewerle lheme?  thewerle means where and lheme means going.

Thewerle lheme?
Where are you going?

If you were asking someone what are you hurrying for, you might say ilek athekirremay?  ilek means what and athekirremay means hurying.

Ilek athekirremay?
What are you hurrying for?

Coming and Going

lheme
going
petyeme
coming
ingkiwem
walking along
unteme
running

If you were telling someone you’re going, you might say yenge lhemaw! Yenge means I’m and ilemaw means going.

Yenge lhemaw!
I’m going!

If you were telling someone that you came to their country, you would say Unteke merekarle yenge petyeke, Unteke means your, mer- means country, -ekarle means to, yenge means I and petyeke means came.

Unteke merekarle yenge petyeke.
I came to your country.

If you wanted to tell someone you had just got back from the shop you could say Yenge shop-ekarle petyalpeke. Yenge means I, shop means shop, yenge means I, -ekarle means to and petyalpeke means come back. 

Yenge shop-ekarle petyalpeke.
I come back from (going to) the shop.

If you wanted to tell someone you came to get some language, you could say yenge petyeke ngketye inenyele. Yenge means I, petyeke means came, inenyele means to get and ngketye means language.

Yenge petyeke ngketye inenyele.
I came to get some language.

Talking and Singing

ngkem
talking
arntilem
telling
arlkem
call out, sing out
irlem
singing
anthirrpem
laughing
ngkety
language, word, story, message

If you wanted to tell someone you are talking in Arrernte, you could say yenge Arrernte ngkeme. Yenge means I, Arrernte means Arrernte and nkeme means talking. 

Yenge Arrernte ngkeme.
I am talking Arrernte.

If you wanted to tell someone you are telling them something in Arrernte, you could say yenge Arrerntenge arntileme untenhe. Yenge means I, Arrerntenge means in Arrernte, arntileme means am telling and untenhe means you

Yenge Arrerntenge arntileme untenhe
I am telling you in Arrernte

If you wanted to ask someone what they are saying, you could say Ikngake ngkeme?. Ikngake means what and ngkeme means saying.

Ikngake ngkeme?
What are you saying

If you wanted to ask what someone is laughing for, you could say Ilekeke anthirrpeme. Ilekeke means what and anthirrpeme means laughing.

Ilekeke anthirrpeme?
what are you laughing for?

If you wanted to say that Arrernte is a good language, you could say Arrernte ngketye ikerne. Arrernte means Arrernte, ngketye means language and ikerne means good.

Arrernte ngketye ikerne
Arrernte is a good language

If you wanted to ask someone to get someone else’s attention you could say Arelhe nhake arlkay!. Arelhe nhake means that person and arlkay means sing out!

Arelhe nhake arlkay!
Sing out to that person!

Food, Eating and Drinking

kere
meat
merne
vegetable food
kwatye
water
urlkeme
eating
untyeme
drinking
unernke
hunger
angkethe
thirst

If you wanted to tell someone that you’re hungry, you can say yenge unernke. Yenge means I and unernke means am hungry.

Yenge unernke
I am hungry

If you wanted to tell someone that you’re thirsty, you can say yenge ankethele utnheme. Yenge means I and ankethele utnheme means am thirsty.

Yenge ankethele utnheme
I am thirsty

If you wanted to tell someone that you’re eating food, you can say Athe merne urlkeme. Anthe means I, merne means food and urlkeme means am eating.

Athe merne urlkeme
I am eating food

If you wanted to say that you’re drinking water, you can say Athe kwatye untyeme. Anthe means I, kwatye means water and untyeme means am drinking.

Anthe kwatye untyeme
I am drinking water

If you wanted to tell someone to bring you some water, you might say Yengenhe kwatye nthay! Yengenhe means me, kwatye means water and nthay means bring.

Yengenhe kwatye nthay!
bring me water!

If you wanted to tell someone to go and get meat, you could say kere inenyele lhay! Kere means meat, inenyele means get and lhay means go.

If you wanted to say give me that food so I can eat it! You could say Yengenhe merne alenhe nthay, yenge urlkenyele! Yengenhe means me, merne alenhe means that food, yenge means I, nthay means give and urlkenyele means eat it.

Yengenhe merne alenhe nthay, yenge urlkenyele!
give me that food so I can eat it!

If you were telling someone you were going home to drink some water, you might want to say Yenge alpeme kwatye untyenyele. Yenge means I, alpeme means going home, kwatye means water and untyenyele means to drink.

Yenge alpeme kwatye untyenyele
I am going home to drink water
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