Lesson 3 – Trees, plants and the outdoors.

In this lesson we will go over some plants found on Adnyamathanha yarta (country).

You can read, hear and practise saying these Adnyamathanha words. Listen to the accompanying audio and practise your pronunciation. Test yourself at the end by covering the English and listening to the yura mityi (Adnyamathanha name).

Adnyamathanha
English
Nhaarthanha inhawartanha?
What's this?
Inhaadi...
This is...

 

Here are some plant names to practise saying aloud. Have you seen these plants before?

vada
dead-finish wattle
wida
gum tree (general)
marlka
mulga tree
mingga
bramble wattle
nguri
silver wattle
aldya
emu bush
arlku
black oak
arlarru
paper bark tree
maparlu
box tree
virnba
native pine tree
vaarna
needlewood tree

 

Mai is the Adnyamathanha word used for vegetable food. There are a lot of fruit and seeds which come from trees, plants, vines and the earth. Which one is your favourite?

iga
native orange
maiaka
bush banana
vatapi
harlequin mistletoe
arla
wild onion
urti
quandong
arta
grass tree (yakka)
matu
native apricot
adkarla
pigface
ngarndi
native pear
minara
bullock bush

 

Ngurru is the general term for grass in Adnyamathanha, and yuthara is the term for any long grass.  There are also words for specific grasses.  

alhi
windmill grass
vawangurru
mitchell grass
vakirri
porcupine grass
vara mayi
long creek grass
wala ngurru
button grass

 

Here are some words for other types of bush tucker.

wityati
witchetty grub
awadi
lerps, sugar bags, honeydew

 

Adnyamathanha yarta has three seasons. They don’t exactly correspond with the months as you may know it, pay special attention to the months in which they occur.

warlda
summer (November-March)
udilhi
winter (May-August)
wirdluka
spring (August-October)

 

Other useful yarta words

adnya
rock
vambata
hill
vari
creek
ibma
raw
wadi
wind
ulu
gum leaves
arlpi
leaf
warla
windbreak, firebreak
ardla
fire

 

Here are some practice sentences with the words we’ve learnt

Maiaka ukarla nguthiinda.
The bush banana flowers are growing.

maiaka means bush banana, ukarla means flower, and nguthii– means grow and -nda is the present tense marker which means it’s happening now.

Vatapi mai mardlaapa.
The mistletoe fruit are tiny.

vatapi means mistletoe, mai means vegetable food/fruit and mardlaapa means tiny/small

Warndu urkinyi yawinda iga waru mutya.
The air smells beautiful when the native orange is ripe.

warndu means good/beautiful, urlkanyi means smell, yawi- means to smell from a distance, -nda is the present tense marker to mean it’s happening now, iga means native orange, waru means already and mutya means ripe

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